Recent Publications

Changes in Canadian Shopping Visits to Northwest Washington, 2013 to 2016

Border Policy Brief, Winter 2017

Since 2013, the BPRI has conducted ongoing surveys of the percentage of cars with Canadian license plates in specific shopping locations along the Interstate 5 corridor. This Border Brief highlights some changes in the distribution of Canadian cars that occurred between 2013, when the Canadian dollar averaged $0.97USD and 2016, when it averaged $0.76USD.

Land-Based Freight Flows Between the U.S. and its NAFTA Neighbors

Border Policy Brief, Fall 2016

The value of land-based freight flows between the U.S. and its NAFTA neighbors has important implications for both border management policies and infrastructure priorities. This Border Brief uses 2015 data to asses the value of imports and exports that flow across our northern and southern borders, as well as the commodity mix at some of the busiest land ports-of-entry.

Passenger Preclearance in the Pacific Northwest

Border Policy Brief, Spring 2016

Passenger preclearance for U.S. bound travelers currently exists only in the air mode. However, the Preclearance Agreement signed in March, 2015 authorizes expansion to the land, marine, and rail modes. This Border Brief highlights rail and marine locations in the Pacific Northwest that will be affected by the Preclearance Agreement, and monetizes some of the benefits accrued to both travelers and operators if preclearance is implemented.

Washington State's Economy in Relation to Canada and the Border

Special Report, June 2015

This report is a consolidation of research results gathered over the past decade, revealing the economic interdependence between Canada and Washington.



Housed at Western Washington University, the Border Policy Research Institute (BPRI) is a multi-disciplinary institute that undertakes research that informs policy-makers on matters related to the Canada - U.S. border. Priority focus areas are trade and transportation, economics, environment, immigration, and border security. The University established the BPRI to further a mission of promoting research, academic programs, and public programming on critical policy issues affecting the Pacific Northwest. The BPRI works closely with cognate programs at the University and collaborates with many public and private entities within the Pacific Northwest.

News & Events

Canada - U.S. Transportation Border Working Group Meeting at WWU

May 2 & 3, WWU

BPRI will host the spring meeting of the TBWG, which brings together multiple transportation and border agencies, and other organizations, to coordinate transportation planning, policy implementation, and the deployment of technology to enhance border infrastructure and operations. More information about the TBWG is available HERE

"Migrants, Refugees, and Citizens: Some Hard Questions for Immigration Policy"

Wednesday, May 3, 12:00-1:20, Fairhaven Auditorium, WWU

Immigration law scholar Hiroshi Motomura will discuss the nature of immigrants' rights, challenges to traditional perspectives on refugees, and how economic inequality between source and destination countries should influence policy. This event is co-sponsored with Fairhaven College's World Issues Forum.

"A Protectionist in the White House: TPP, NAFTA and Trade Policy in the Trump Administration"

Monday, May 8th, 4:00-5:00pm in Parks Hall 441, WWU

Join Edward Alden of the Council on Foreign Relations for a discussion on international trade policy under the Trump Administration. Mr. Alden is the author of the books Failure to Adjust: How Americans Got Left Behind in the Global Economy and The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11. More information is available HERE.

The J Treaty's Promise & Potential

May 21 & 22, Northwest Indian College

This conference explores the preservation and expansion of cross-border rights of the indigenous peoples of Canada and the U.S. Important for broad economic and cultural reasons, these rights are essential for preserving ties between indigenous peoples whose communities span the U.S./Canada border. For more information, visit


Call for Proposals

Our annual call for research proposals has closed for the '17-'18 academic year. Please check back next Fall.

2017-2018 Graduate Research Fellowship

The BPRI is launching a Graduate Research Fellowship in conjunction with Huxley College, offering a full year of financial support. Graduate fellows are intimately involved with the policy research undertaken at the BPRI and have the opportunity to present research at a regional conference. Applications are currently being accepted.