Projected changes in the volume and composition of bilaterally traded products between the U.S. and Canada will have varying impacts on U.S. ports of entry, and their associated need for infrastructure investments. This border brief considers historical trends and analyzes how expected future trends might impact the relative growth in trade volumes at major ports of entry along the Canada - U.S. border. This brief is based on a larger research project conducted by Dr. Steven Globerman and Dr. Paul Storer at Western Washington University. For the full research report, see Research Report No. 21.
Both the U.S. and Canada are increasingly relying on foreign workers to fill a variety of jobs, particularly in lower-skilled positions. Over the last decade, Canada has expanded its Temporary Foreign Worker Program considerably, which prompted major policy changes in 2014. The U.S., however, continues to limit foreign worker visas and to rely heavily on unauthorized immigrants to fill labor needs. This article explores these highly controversial policies, which are important to understanding broader debates about immigration reform occurring throughout North America.
Lengthy queues still exist at the Cascade Gateway crossings, despite many post-9/11 investments. This article proposes a regional pilot project that would place RFID-enabled passport cards into the hands of about 75,000 Canadians. Various evidence shows that such a pilot would lead to greatly diminished border queues, at a relatively low cost.
Housed at Western Washington University, the Border Policy Research Institute (BPRI) is a multi-disciplinary institute that undertakes research that informs policy-makers on matters related to the Canada - U.S. border. Priority focus areas are trade and transportation, economics, environment, immigration, and border security. The University established the BPRI to further a mission of promoting research, academic programs, and public programming on critical policy issues affecting the Pacific Northwest. The BPRI works closely with cognate programs at the University and collaborates with many public and private entities within the Pacific Northwest.
David Davidson will join the Pacific Northwest Economic Region's (PNWER) delegation to Olympia, where Washington State legislatures will hear testimony related to a variety of regional and cross-border issues.
Dr. Don Alper is retiring, concluding a distinguished 43-year career at Western in which he served as a professor of political science, the director of the Center for Canadian-American Studies, and director of the BPRI. He is replaced on an interim basis by David Davidson, the former associate director. But don't despair! Dr. Alper will remain involved in the field of border studies and Canadian studies.
BPRI recently completed the second portion of a fieldwork project at the Pacific Highway border crossing to collect data related to border wait times and air emissions. This data represents the northern border portion of a parallel study conducted at the U.S.- Mexico border and is part of a broader project being undertaken by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation.
Apply for a BPRI thesis fellowship! Fellows receives a full graduate stipend and tuition support for one quarter, as well as $500 to be used toward research supplies or travel. Graduate students enrolled at Western and pursuing thesis research related to the BPRI's mission are eligible to apply. Applications for a fellowship may be submitted at any time.