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Online Readings in Psychology and Culture
Center for Cross-Cultural Research
Western Washington University
Bellingham, Washington U.S.A.

Complete Table of Contents
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Brief Table of Contents | Introduction | Home

Unit 1:  Introduction and Overview
Chapter Author Title
1 Editors Nature and Scope of Online Readings in Psychology and Culture
1 Editors User Agreement
Unit 2: Conceptual, Methodological, and Ethical Issues in Psychology and Culture
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 2 Introduction
1 Harry C. Triandis

Odysseus Wandered for 10, I Wondered for 50 Years

2 Gustav Jahoda

Reflections of a "Pre-Nominal" Cross-Cultural Psychologist

3 Douglass R. Price-Williams

Cross-, Intra-, Inter-, and Just Plain Cultural

4 Rogelio Diaz-Guerrero

Precursors of Cross-Cultural Psychology and the Context of Culture

5 David Matsumoto

Culture, Psychology, and Education

6 Fons J. R. van de Vijver

Types of Cross-Cultural Studies in Cross-Cultural Psychology

7 Peter B. Smith

Levels of Analysis in Cross-Cultural Psychology

8 Anu Realo and Jüri Allik

The Nature and Scope of Intra-cultural Variation on Psychological Dimensions

9 Stefan Strohschneider

Automobiles, Individualism-Collectivism, and Psychic Systems: An Essay on the Functional Perspective in Cross-Cultural Psychology

10 Robin Goodwin

Conducting Cross-cultural Psychology Research in Changing Cultures: Some Ethical and Logistical Considerations

11 Diane Sunar

The Psychology of Morality

12 Jaan Valsiner Culture and its Transfer: Ways of Creating General Knowledge Through the Study of Cultural Particulars
13 Diane A. van Hemert Cross-cultural Meta-analyses
14 Geert Hofstede Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hoftede Model in Context
Unit 3: Perspectives from Various Ethnic and Cultural Groups
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 3 Introduction
1 James M. Jones

Toward a Cultural Psychology of African Americans

2 Beatrice Medicine

Directions in Gender Research in American Indian Societies: Two Spirits and Other Categories

3 Amado M. Padilla

Hispanic Psychology: A 25-Year Retrospective Look

4 Stanley Sue

Asian American Mental Health: What We Know and What We Don't Know

5 John W. Hinkley, Herbert W. Marsh, and Dennis M. McInerney

Social Identity and Navajo High School Students: Is a Strong Social Identity Important in the School Context?

6 Susanna A. Hayes

Emmett Oliver's Story: Psych-social Development of an Extraordinary Native American

7 Pawel Boski Interactions, Research and History Embedded in Polish Culture: Humanism and Uncertainty Non-Avoidance
Unit 4: Basic Psychological Processes and Culture
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 4 Introduction
1 Stefan Strohschneider

Cultural Factors in Complex Decision Making

2 C. Dominik Güss

Planning in Brazil, India, and Germany: A Cross-Cultural Study, a Cultural Study, and a Model

3 C. Dominik Güss Decision Making in Individualistic and Collectivist Cultures
4 Jeanette Altarriba

Bilingualism: Language, Memory, and Applied Issues

5 Jeanette Altaribba, Dana M. Basnight, & Tina M. Canary Emotion Representation and Perception Across Cultures
Unit 5: Conceptualizing and Measuring Intelligence, Abilities, and Creativity Across Cultures
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 5 Introduction
1 Robert J. Sternberg

Cultural Explorations of Human Intelligence Around the World

2 Elias Mpofu Indigenization of the Psychology of Human Intelligence in Sub-Saharan Africa
3 Denise de Souza Fleith

Creativity in the Brazilian Culture

4 Cheryl D. Foxcroft

Ethical Issues Related to Psychological Testing in Africa: What I Have Learned (So Far)

Unit 6: Measuring Personality and Values Across Cultures
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 6 Introduction
1 Robert R. McCrae

Cross-Cultural Research on the Five-Factor Model of Personality

2 A. Timothy Church and Marcia S. Katigkak

Studying Personality Traits Across Cultures: Philippine Examples

3 Michael D. Hills Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientations Theory 
4 David P. Schmitt Are Sexual Promiscuity and Relationship Infidelity Linked to Different Personality Traits Across Cultures? Findings from the International Sexuality Description Project
5 Fanny M. Cheung and Shu Fai Cheung Measuring Personality and Values Across Cultures: Imported versus Indigenous Measures
Unit 7: Studying Health and Well-being Across Cultures
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 7 Introduction
1

Eunkook M. Suh and Shigehiro Oishi

Subjective Well-being Across Cultures

2 Frances E. Aboud

Cultural Perspectives on the Interactions Between Nutrition, Health, and Psychological Functioning

Unit 8: Acculturation and Adapting to Other Cultures
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 8 Introduction
1 Nan M. Sussman

Sojourners to Another Country: The Psychological Roller-coaster of Cultural Transitions

2 Ute Schöenpflug Acculturation, Ethnic Identity, and Coping
3 Ma. Teresa Tuason

Culture of Poverty: Lessons from Two Case Studies of Poverty in the Philippines-One Became Rich, the Other One Stayed Poor

4 P. Wesley Schultz

Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors Across Cultures

5 Yuko Nippoda

Japanese Students' Experience of Adaptation and Acculturation of the United Kingdom

6 David Lackland Sam and Brit Oppedal Acculturation as a Developmental Pathway
7 Stephen Bochner Culture Shock Due to Contact with Unfamiliar Cultures
8 Floyd Rudmin Catalogue of Acculturation Constructs: Descriptions of 126 Taxonomies: 1918-2003
Unit 9: Culture and Mental Illness
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 9 Introduction
1 David Lackland Sam and Virginia Moreira The Mutual Embeddedness of Culture and Mental Illness
2 Junko Tanaka-Matsumi and Robert Chang

What Questions Arise when Studying Cultural Universals in Depression? Lessons from Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

3

Andrew G. Ryder, Jian Yang, and Steven H. Heine

Somatization vs. Psychologization of Emotional Distress: A Paradigmatic Example for Cultural Psychopathology

4 Anthony J. Marsella Cultural Aspects of Depressive Experience and Disorders
Unit 10: Counseling Across Cultures
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 10 Introduction
1 Clemmont E. Vontress

Culture and Counseling

2 Paul B. Pedersen The Making of a Culturally Competent Counselor
3 Yuko Nippoda

Japanese Culture and Therapeutic Relationship

4 Arthur Blue, Wes Darou, Carlos Ruano Though Silence We Speak: Approaches to Counselling and Psychotherapy with Canadian First Nation Clients
Unit 11: Culture and Human Development: Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 11 Introduction
1 Heidi Keller

Culture and Development: Developmental Pathways to Individualism and Interrelatedness

2 Chuansheng Chen and Susan Farruggia

Culture and Adolescent Development

3 Maureen Vandermaas-Peeler

Cultural Variations in Parental Support of Children's Play

4 Ronald R. Rohner and Abdul Khaleque

Parental Acceptance-Rejection and Life-Span Development: A Universalist Perspective

5 Rachel Seginer Adolescent Future Orientation: An Integrated Cultural and Ecological Perspective
Unit 12: Culture and Human Development: Adulthood and Old Age
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 12 Introduction
1 Gisela Trommsdorff

An Eco-Cultural and Interpersonal Relations Approach to Development Over the Life Span

2 Frank Eyetsemitan

Life Span Developmental Psychology: Midlife and Later Years in Western and Non-Western Societies

Unit 13: Cultural Perspectives on Families
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 13 Introduction
1 Cigdem Kagitcibasi

A Model of Family Change in Cultural Context

2 Maria Auxiliadora Dessen and Cláudio V. Torres Family and Socialization Factors in Brazil: An Overview
3 James Georgas Family: Variations and Changes Across Cultures
Unit 14: Cultural Perspectives on Death, Dying, and Bereavement
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 14 Introduction
1 Frank Eyetsemitan

Cultural Interpretation of Dying and Death in a Non-Western Society: The Case of Nigeria

2 James T. Gire

How Death Imitates Life: Cultural Influences on Conceptions of Death and Dying

Unit 15: Social Psychology and Culture
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 15 Introduction
1 Harry C. Triandis

Subjective Culture

2 John Adamopoulos

The Perception of Interpersonal Behavior Across Cultures

3 Saera R. Khan Stereotyping from the Perspective of Perceivers and Targets
4 Tara West and Sheri R. Levy

Background Belief Systems and Prejudice

5 Marshall H. Segall

Why is There Still Racism if There is No Such Thing as "Race"?

6 Hans-Joachim Kornadt

Social Motives and Their Development in Cultural Context

7

Susanna A. Hayes and Molly J. Foote

Culturally Responsive Approaches to School Violence Prevention

8 Zeynep Aycan

Leadership and Teamwork in Developing Countries: Challenges and Opportunities

9 Robert V. Levine Measuring Helping Behavior Across Cultures
10 James J. Liu A Cultural Perspective on Intergroup Relations and Social Identity
Unit 16: Perspectives on Becoming More Culturally Competent
Chapter Author Title
- Editors Unit 16 Introduction
1 Forrest B. Tyler

Transcultural Ethnic Validity Model and Intracultural Competence

2 Richard Brislin

Encouraging Depth Rather than Surface Processing about Cultural Differences Through Critical Incidents and Role Plays

3 Jianglong Wang

Knowing the True Face of a Mountain:  Understanding Communication and Cultural Competence

4 Martin J. Gannon Cultural metaphors: Their use in management practice and as a method for understanding cultures

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