center for healthy living
hypokinesis tree
home
desc
causes
treatment
exc
exc
other treatments
stats
links
refs
 
pagetitle

References

 

  1. Akil, M., Amos, R. Rheumatoid arthritis--I: Clinical features and diagnosis. British Medical Journal 1995; 310: 587-590. (link)

  2. American Association of Orthopedic Surgons 2006. Retrieved September 23, 2006 from www.aaos.org (link)

  3. American College of Rheumatology. Guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis: 2002 update. Arthritis and Rheumatism 2002; 46: 328-346. (link)

  4. Bilberg, A. Ahlmen, M., & Mannerkorpi, K. (2005). Moderately intensive exercise in a temperate pool for patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A randomized controlled study. Rheumatology, 44(4), 502-508. (link)

  5. Binning, M. Modern drug treatment options for rheumatoid arthritis. Australian Nursing Journal 2001; 8: CU1-3. (link)

  6. Braham, R., Dawson, B., Goodman, C., & McNaughton, L. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2003; 37: 45-50. (link)

  7. Cox, C., Kempsell, K., Gaston, J. Investigation of infectious agents associated with arthritis by reverse transcription PCR of bacterial rRNA. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2003; 5: R1-R8. (link)

  8. Davis, G. Improved sleep may reduce arthritis pain. Holistic Nursing Practice 2003; 17: 128-136. (link)

  9. de Jong, Z., Munneke, M., Lems, W., Zwinderman, A.  Slowing of bone loss in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by long-term high-intensity exercise: Results of a randomized, controlled trial. Arthritis & Rheumatism 2004; 50: 1066-1076. (link)

  10. Denis, M., Moffet, H., Caron, F., Ouellet, D., et al. (2006). Effectiveness of continuous passive motion and conventional physical therapy after total knee arthroplasty: A randomized clinical trial. Physical Therapy, 86 (2), 174-186. (link)

  11. Dessein, P., Joffe, B., Stanwix, A. Effects of disease modifying agents and dietary intervention on insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in inflammatory arthritis: a pilot study. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2002; 4: R12. (link)

  12. Dessein, P., Stanwix, A., Joffe, B. Cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis versus osteoarthritis: acute phase response related decreased insulin sensitivity and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol as well as clustering of metabolic syndrome features in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2002; 4: R5. (link)

  13. Dias RC, Dias JM, Ramos LR. (2003). Impact of an exercise and walking protocol on quality of life for elderly people with OA of the knee. Physiotherapy Research International 2003;  8:121-30. (link)

  14. Dolan, A., Moniz, C., Abraha, H., Pitt, P. Does active treatment of rheumatoid arthritis limit disease-associated bone loss? Rheumatology 2002; 41: 1047-1051 (link)

  15. Dominick, K., Ahern, F., Gold, C., Heller, D. Health-related quality of life among older adults with arthritis. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2004; 2:5 (link)

  16. Evans, C., Gouze, J., Gouze, E., Robbins, P., Ghivizzani, S. Osteoarthritis gene therapy. Gene Therapy 2004; 11: 379-389. (link)

  17. Forsblad, H., Mattsson, L., Ohlsson, C., Nordberg, E., Carlsten, H. Hormone replacement therapy in rheumatoid arthritis is associated with lower serum levels of soluble IL-6 receptor and higher insulin-like growth factor 1. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2003; 5:R202-R209. (link)

  18. Fransen M, McConnell S, Bell M. Exercise for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Cochrane Database System  Retrieval 2003; 3: CD004286New treatments for osteoarthritis, Tufts University Health & Nutrition Newsletter, Jan. 2002; 18: 4-5. (link)

  19. Franzino, S. An orthopedist responds. British Medical Journal USA 2003; 3: 497. (link)

  20. Genovese, M., Chakravarty, E., Krishnan, E., Moreland, L. A randomized, controlled trial of interferon-ß-1a (Avonex®) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2004; 6:R73-R77. (link)

  21. Hakkinen, A., Hannonen, P., Nyman, K., Lyyski, T., & Hakkinen, K. Effects of concurrent strength and endurance training in women with early or longstanding rheumatoid arthritis: comparison with healthy subjects. Arthritis and Rheumatism 2003; 49:789-97. (link)

  22. Hakkinen A, Sokka T, Hannonen P. A home-based two-year strength training period in early rheumatoid arthritis led to good long-term compliance: a five-year followup. Arthritis and Rheumatism 2004; 51: 56-62. (link)

  23. Hill, J., Bird, H., Thorpe, R. Effects of rheumatoid arthritis on sexual activity and relationships. Rheumatology 2003; 42: 280-286 (link)

  24. Hinman, R., Crossley, J., Bennell, K. Efficacy of knee tape in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee: blinded randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 2003; 327: 135-138. (link)

  25. Hootman, J. M., & Helmick, C. G. (2006). Projections of US prevalence of arthritis and associated activity limitations. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 54(1), 226-215. (link)

  26. Huang MH, Chen CH, Chen TW, Weng MC, Wang WT, Wang YL. The effects of weight reduction on the rehabilitation of patients with knee osteoarthritis and obesity. Arthritis Care Research 2000; 13:398-405. (link)

  27. Huang MH, Lin YS, Yang RC, Lee CL. A comparison of various therapeutic exercises on the functional status of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 2003; 32: 398-406. (link)

  28. Hurley MV, Mitchell HL, Walsh N. In osteoarthritis, the psychosocial benefits of exercise are as important as physiological improvements. Exercise and Sport Science Review 2003; 31:138-43. (link)

  29. Katz, P. P., Morris, A., & Yelin, E. H. (2006). Prevalence and predictors of disability in valued life activities among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Deiseases, 65(6), 763. (link)

  30. Krishnan, E., Sokka, T., Hannonen, P. Smoking–gender interaction and risk for rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2003; 5: R158-162. (link)

  31. Kuipers, J., Zeidler, H., Kohler, L. How does chlamydia cause arthritis? Rheumatology Diseases Clinics of North America 2003; 29: 613-629. (link)

  32. Lockshin, M. Endocrine origins of rheumatic disease; diagnostic clues to interrelated syndromes. Postgraduate Medicine 2002; 111:Mangione, K., McCully, K., Gloviak, A. & Lefebvre, I. The effects of high-intensity and low-intensity cycle ergometry in older adults with knee osteoarthritis. The Journals of Gerontology 1999; 54A: M184-191. 87-90. (link)

  33. Mangione, K., McCully, K., Gloviak, A., & Lefebvre, I. (1999). The effects of high-intensity and low-intensity cycle ergometry in older adults with osteoarthritis. The Journals of Gerontology, 54(4), M184-M190. (link)

  34. McEntegart, A., Capell, H.A., Creran, D., Rumley, A., Woodward, M. & Lowe, G.O. Cardiovascular risk factors, including thrombotic variables, in a population with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology 2001; 40: 640-644. (link)

  35. Michalsen, A., Klotz, S., Ludtke, R., Moebus, S., Spahn, G., Dobos, G. Effectiveness of leech therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 139: 724-30. (link)

  36. Moffet H, Noreau L, Parent E, &  Drolet, M.  Feasibility of an eight-week dance-based exercise program and its effects on locomotor ability of persons with functional class III rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Research 2000; 13:100-11. (link)

  37. Morehead, K., Sack, K. Osteoarthritis: What therapies for this disease of many causes? Postgraduate Medicine 2003; 114: 11. (link)

  38. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Retrieved September 23, 2006 from www.niams.nih.gov (link)

  39. Pipitone, N., Scott, D. Magnetic pulse therapy for osteoarthritis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Current Medical Research and Opinion 2001; 17:190-196. (link)

  40. Pisetsky, D. & St. Clair, W. Progress in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of the American Medical Association 2001; 286: 2787-2791. (link)

  41. Pool, A.J., & Axford, J.S. The effects of exercise on the hormonal and immune systems in rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology 2001; 40: 610-614. (link)

  42. Roman, M. J., Moeller, E., Davis, A., Paget, S. A., et al. (2006). Preclinical carotid atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Annals of International Medicine, 144(4), 244-257. (link)

  43. Roos, E., Lohmander, S. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS): from joint injury to osteoarthritis. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2003; 1:64. (link)

  44. Roubenoff, R. Exercise and inflammatory disease. Arthritis Care & Research  2003; 49: 263-266. (link)

  45. Sadovsky, R. Corticosteroids vs. hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis. American Family Physician 2004; 69: 732. (link)

  46. Saxon, L., Finch, C., Bass, S. Sports Participation, sports injuries, and osteoarthritis. Sports Medicine 1999; 28: 123-135. (link)

  47. Schnabel, A. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs: enhancing efficacy by combination. The Lancet 2004; 363: 670-672. (link)

  48. Sharma, L., Dunlop, D., Cahue, S., Song, J & Hayes, K.W. Quadriceps strength and osteoarthritis progression in malaligned and lax knees. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 138: 613-620. (link)

  49. Sharma L.,  Song, J.,  Felson, D.,  Cahue, S. The role of knee alignment in disease progression and functional decline in knee osteoarthritis. Journal of the American Medical Association 2001, 286: 188-195. (link)

  50. Soderlin M., Kautiainen, H., Puolakkainen, M. Infections preceding early arthritis in southern Sweden: A prospective population-based study. Journal of Rheumatology 2003; 30:459-464. (link)

  51. Soeken, K., Miller, S., Ernst, E. Herbal medicines for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review. Rheumatology 2003: 42: 652-658. (link)

  52. Suomi R, Collier D. Effects of arthritis exercise programs on functional fitness and perceived activities of daily living measures in older adults with arthritis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2003; 84:1589-94. (link)

  53. Taibi, D., Bourguignon, C. The role of complementary and alternative therapies in managing rheumatoid arthritis. Family and Community Health 2003; 26: 41-53. (link)

  54. Tallia, A., Cardone, D. Diagnostic and therapeutic injection of the ankle and foot. American Family Physician 2003; 68: 1356-1363. (link)

  55. Teichtahl, A.,  Wluka, A., Cicuttini, F. Abnormal biomechanics: A precursor or result of knee osteoarthritis? British Journal Of Sports Medicine 2003, 37: 289-290. (link)

  56. Walker-Bone, K. 'Natural remedies' in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Drugs and Aging 2003; 20:517-26. (link)

  57. Walling, A. D. (2006). Use of acupuncture to improve symptoms of osteoarthritis. American Family, 73(5), 896-898. (link)

  58. Watson, D., Rhodes, T., Guess, H.  Rheumatoid arthritis increases risk of death, vascular events. Geriatrics 2002; 58: 46 (link)

    [Top]

bottomborder
Center for Healthy Living   |   Physical Activity & Hypokinetic Disease Home   |   Western Washington University Home
bottom border2