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American Indian Moons
Abenaki | Algonquin | Anishnaabe | Apache | Arapaho | Assiniboine | Cherokee | Cheyenne | Choctaw
Comanche | Cree | Creek | Haida | Hopi | Kalapuya | Lakota | Mohawk | Omaha | Passamaquoddy | Ponca
Potawatomi | Pueblo | Shawnee | Shoshone | Sioux | Tlingit | Winnebago | Wishram | Zuni








"Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it.
Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves."
  Chief Seattle 1854







American Indians gave names to each of the full moons to keep track of the passing year. The names are associated with the entire month until the next full moon occurs. Since a lunar month averages 29 days, the dates of the moons change from year to year. Here are titles most closely associated with calendar months.

Abenaki
Northeast, Maine
Abenaki Children
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
Mid-March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
alamikos
piaôdagos
mozokas
sigwankas
sogalikas
kikas
nokahigas
temaskikos
temezôwas
skamonkas
penibagos
mzatanos
pebonkas
greetings maker moon
makes branches fall in pieces moon
moose hunter moon
spring season maker moon
sugar maker moon
Abenaki Bowl field maker moon
hoer moon
grass cutter moon
cutter moon
corn maker moon
leaf falling moon
freezing river maker moon
winter maker moon
Algonquin
Northeast to Great Lakes
Algonquin Mother and Child
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
squochee kesos
wapicuummilcum
namossack kesos
suquanni kesos
moonesquanimock kesos
twowa kesos
matterllawaw kesos
micheenee kesos
pohquitaqunk kesos
pepewarr
quinne kesos
Algonquin Mask sun has not strength to thaw
ice in river is gone
catching fish
when they set indian corn
when women weed corn
when they hill indian corn
squash are ripe
when indian corn is edible
middle between harvest and eating corn
white frost on grass
much white frost on grass
Anishnaabe
(Chippewa, Ojibwe)

Great Lakes
Chippewa Man
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
gichi-manidoo-giizis
namebini-giizis
bebookwaadaagame-giizis(oog)
iskigamizige-giizis(oog)
waabigwani-giizis
ode'imini-giizis
aabita-niibino-giizis
miini-giizis
manoominike-giizis
binaakwe-giizis
gashkadino-giizis(oog)
manidoo-gizisoons
great spirits moon
sucker moon
snow crust moon
broken snowshow moon
blossom moon
strawberry moon
raspberry moon
Chippewa Beaded Bag c. 1900 berry moon
rice moon
falling leaves moon
freezing moon
small spirits moon
Apache
Southern Plains
Apache Woman
Month Name of Moon
January
April
May
July
October
Apache Bag time of flying ants
moon of the big leaves
season when the leaves are green
moon of the horse/time of ripeness
time when the corn is taken in
Arapaho
Great Plains
Arapaho Village
Month Name of Moon
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
late July
August
September
October
November
December
Arapaho Seed Bag when snow blows like spirits in the wind
frost sparkling in the sun
buffalo dropping their calves
ice breaking in the river
when the ponies shed their shaggy hair
when when the buffalo bellows
the hot weather begins
when the chokeberries begin to ripen
geese shedding their feathers
drying grass
falling leaves
when the rivers start to freeze
popping trees
Assiniboine
Northern Plains
Assiniboine Man and Dogs
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
wicogandu
amhanska
wicinstayazan
tabehatawi
indiwiga
wahequosmewi
wasasa
capasapsaba
wahpegiwi
anukope
cuhotgawi
wicogandu-sungagu
Assiniboine Headdress center moon
long dry moon
sore eye moon
frog moon
idle moon
full leaf moon
red berries
black cherries
yellow leaf
joins both sides
frost moon
center moon's younger brother
Cherokee
East Coast, Carolinas
Cherokee Woman
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
unolvtana
kagali
anvhyi
kawohni
ansgvti
dehaluyi
kuyegwona
galohni
dulisdi
duninhdi
nvdadegwa
vskihyi
cold moon
bony moon
strawberry moon
flower moon
Cherokee Bottle planting moon
green corn moon
ripe corn moon
drying up moon
nut moon
harvest moon
trading moon
snow moon
Cheyenne
Great Plains
Cheyenne Braves
Month Name of Moon
January
April
May
September
October
November
December
Cheyenne depiction of the Battle of Little Big Horn, c. 1878 moon of the strong cold
when the geese lay eggs
when the horses get fat
drying grass moon
freeze begins on stream's edge
deer rutting moon
when the wolves run together
Choctaw
Southeast, Mississippi, Louisiana
Choctaw Woman
Month Name of Moon Meaning
Early December
Late Dec - Early Jan
Late January
Early February
Late Feb - Early March
April
May
Early June
Late June - Early July
Late July – Early August
Late August – September
October
November
Hash Haponi
Hash Haf
Hash Chaf Iskono
Hash Chaf Chito
Hash Mali
Hash Bissi
Hash Bihi
Hash Takkon
Hash Watallak
Hash Luak Mosholi
Hash Tek Inhasi
Hash Koinchush
Hash Koichus
moon of cooking
moon of sassafras
Choctaw Bag moon of little famine
moon of big famine
moon of winds
moon of blackberry
moon of mulberry
moon of peach
moon of the crane
green corn festival
courting time
moon of the wildcat
moon of the panther
Comanche
Southern Plains
Comanche Chief Quanah Parker
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
toh mua
positsu mua
tahpooku mua
tahma mua
totsiyaa mua
puhi mua
urui mua
tahma mua
taboo mua
yuba mua
yubaubi mua
wahi mua
year moon
sleet moon
Comanche Arrowhead cottonball moon
new spring moon
flower moon
leaf moon
hot moon
summer moon
paperman moon
fall moon
heading to winter moon
evergreen moon
Cree
Northern Plains, Canada
Cree Moose Hunter
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
gishepapiwatekimumpizun
cepizun
migisupizum
kiskipizun
aligipizun
sagipukawipizun
opaskwuwipizun
opunhopizun
weweopizun
opinahamowipizun
kaskatinopizun
papiwatiginashispizun
moon when the old fellow spreads the brush
Cree Moccasins old moon
eagle moon
gray goose moon
frog moon
moon leaves come out
moon when ducks begin to molt
moon young ducks begin to fly
snow goose moon
moon the birds fly south
moon the rivers begin to freeze
moon when the young fellow spreads the brush
Creek
Southeast, Alabama, Georgia
Creek Children
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
rv'fo cusee
hotvlee-hv'see
tasahcucee
tasahcee-rakko
kee-hvsee
kvco-hvsee
hiyucee
hiyo-rakko
otowoskucee
otowoskv-rakko
echolee
rvfo-rakko
Creek Pot winter's younger brother
wind moon
little spring moon
big spring moon
mulberry moon
blackberry moon
little harvest
big harvest
little chestnut moon
big chestnut moon
frost moon
big winter
Haida
Alaska
Haida Canoe
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
táan kungáay
hlgit’ún kungáay
xitgáas kungáay
xíit kungáay
tahálaa kungáay
gáan kungáay
chíin kungáay
k’íit’aas kungáay
kálk kungáay
cha’áaw kungáay
t’a’áaw kungáay
gáangálang kungáay
bear hunting moon
goose moon
Haida Pole noisy goose moon
migratory geese moon
food-gathering moon
berries ripen moon
salmon moon
cedar bark for hat & baskets
ice moon
bears hibernate
snow moon
ripe berries
Hopi
Southwest, Arizona
Hopi Children
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
paamuya
powamuya
osomuyaw
kwiyamuyaw
hakitonmuyaw
uyismuya
nimanmuya
paamuya
nasanmuyaw
angaqmuyaw
kelmuya
kyaamuya
moon of life at it's height
moon of purification and renewal
moon of the whispering wind
moon of windbreak
Hopi Weaving moon of waiting
moon of planting
moon of the homedance
moon of joyful
moon of full harvest
moon of long hair
moon of fledgling hawk
moon of respect
Kalapuya
Pacific Northwest, Oregon
Kalapuya Man
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
atalka
atchiulartadsh
atcha-uyu
amanta kotantal
atantal
anishnalya
ameku
akupiu
atchiutchutin
atchalankuaik
alangitapi
adshampak
stay inside
out of food
women dig camas
time for pounding camas
Kalapuya Bowl camas blooming time
camas ripe
mid summer
end of summer
after harvest
start getting sagittair roots
moving inside for winter
not bad weather
Lakota
Northern Plains
Lakota Woman
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
wiotehika wi
cannapopa wi
istawicayazan wi
wihakaktacepapi wi
canwape to wi
wipazatkan waste wi
canpasapa wi
wasutoa wi
canwape gi wi
canwape kasna wi
waniyetu wi
wanicokan wi
hard moon
moon when the trees crack because of the cold
moon of the sore eyes
moon when the wife had to crack bones for marrow fat
moon of the green leaves
moon when the berries are good
Lakota Basket moon when the chokecherries are black
moon of the ripening
moon of the brown leaves
moon when the wind shakes off leaves
moon when winter begins
moon when the deer shed their antlers
Mohawk
Eastern Woodlands
Mohawk Man
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
tsothohrhko:wa
enniska
ennisko:wa
onerahtokha
onerahtohko:wa
ohiari:wa
ohiarihko:wa
seskehko:wa
seskhoko:wa
kentenha
kentenhko:wa
tsothohrha
Mohawk Basket the big cold
lateness
much lateness
budding time
time of big leaf
ripening time
time of much ripening
time of freshness
time of much freshness
time of poverty
time of much poverty
time of cold
Omaha
Central Plains, Nebraska
Omaha Boy
Month Name of Moon
January
February
March
June
July
September
Omaha Drum moon when snow drifts into tipis
moon when geese come home
little frog moon
moon when the buffalo bulls hunt the cows
moon when the buffalo bellow
moon when the deer paw the earth
Passamaquoddy
Northeast U.S. - St. Croix River Region
Passamaquoddy Mary Selmore, age 101
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
opolahsomuwehs
piyatokonis
siqon
ponatom
siqonomeq
nipon
accihte
apsqe
toqakiw
amilkahtin
kelotonuhket
punam
whirling wind moon
when the spruce tips fall
spring moon
spring moon
Passamaquoddy Birch Bark Canoe alewive moon
summer moon
ripening moon
feather shedding moon
autumn moon
harvest moon
freezing moon
frost fish moon moon
Ponca
Southern Plains
Ponca with Tomahawk
Month Name of Moon
January
March
June
July
August
October
Ponca and Sioux Battle Scene c. 1858 snow thaws moon
water stands in the ponds moon
hot weather begins moon
middle of summer moon
corn is in the silk moon
moon when they store food in caches
Potawatomi
Great Lakes
Potawatomi Men
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
May
June
July
August
October
November
mkokisis
mnokesis
cicakkises
te'minkeses
msheke'kesis
we'shkitdaminkese
e'mnomukkises
e'sksegtukkisis
pne'kesis
Potawatomi Shoulder Bag moon of the bear
moon of the rabbit
moon of the crane
moon of the strawberry
moon of the turtle
moon of the young corn
moon of the middle
moon of the first frost
moon of the turkey
Pueblo
Southwest, New Mexico
Pueblo Woman
Month Name of Moon
February
March
June
September
November
Pueblo Pot moon of the cedar dust wind
moon when the leaves break forth
moon when the leaves are dark green
moon when the corn is taken in
moon when all is gathered in
Shawnee
Midwest, Ohio, Pennsylvania
Shawnee Leader
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
ha'kwi kiishthwa
haatawi kiishthwa
shkipiye kwiitha
poosh kwiitha
hotehimini kiishthwa
mshkatiwi kiishthwa
miini kiishthwa
po'kamawi kiishthwa
ha'shimini kiishthwa
sha'teepakanootha
kini kiishthwa
washilatha kiishthwa
severe moon
crow moon
sap moon
Shawnee Dress half moon
strawberry moon
raspberry moon
blackberry moon
plum moon
papaw moon
wilted moon
long moon
eccentric moon
Shoshone
Great Basin, Nevada, Wyoming
Shoshone Woman and Child
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
goa-mea'
isha-mea'
yu'a-mea'
badua'-mea'
buhisea'-mea'
daa'za-mea'
daza-mea'
guuteyai-mea'
yeba-mea'
naa-mea'
ezhe'i-mea'
dommo-mea'
freezing
Shoshone Dance Shield c. 1890 coyote
warming
melting
budding
summer starting
summer
hot
fall
rutting
cold
winter
Sioux
Great Plains, Dakotas, Nebraska
Sioux Woman
Month Name of Moon
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Sioux Tipi wolves run together
dark red calves
sore eye moon
red grass appearing
moon when the ponies shed
strawberry moon
red blooming lilies
cherries turn black
calves grow hair
changing season
falling leaves
when deer shed their horns
Tlingit
Pacific Northwest Coast
Tlingit and Canoe
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
t’aawak dís
s’eek dís
héentáanáx kayaan’i dís
x’eigaa kayaaní dís
at gadaxéet yinaa dís
at gadaxéet dís
xaat dísi
sha-ha-yi
dis yádi
dís tlein
kukahaa dís
shanáx dís
goose moon
black bear moon
underwater plants sprout
budding moon of plants and shrubs
moon before pregnancy
Tlingit Raven Mask birth moon
salmon moon
berries ripe on mountain
big moon
young animals moon
scraping moon
unborn seals are getting hair
Winnebago
Great Lakes
Winnebago with Pipe
Month Name of Moon
February
April
May
July
November
December
Winnebago Wigwam fish-running moon
planting corn moon
hoeing-corn moon
corn-popping moon
little bear's moon
big bear's moon
Wishram
Columbia River, Washington, Oregon
Wishram Catching Salmon
Month Name of Moon
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
her cold moon
shoulder to shoulder around the fire moon
Wishram Petroglyphs long days moon
the 8th moon
the 9th moon
fish spoils easily moon
salmon go up rivers in a group moon
blackberry patches moon
her acorns moon
travel in canoes moon
snowy mountains in the morning moon
her winter houses moon
Zuni
Southwest, New Mexico
Zuni Woman
Month Name of Moon Meaning
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
September
October
December
dayamcho yachunne
onon u'la'ukwamme
li'dekwakkya ts'ana
li'dekwakkya lana
yachun kwa'shi'amme
ik'ohbu yachunne
dayamcho yachunne
li'dekwakkwya ts'ana
li'dekwakkwya lana
ik'ohbu yachunne
when limbs of trees are broken by snow
Zuni Jewelry no snow in trails
little sand storm
great sand storm
no name
turning moon
when limbs of trees are broken by fruit
corn is harvested
big wind moon
sun has traveled home to rest

    source: americanindian.net


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