Understanding Material Safety Data Sheets
User's Guide To Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Manufacturers are required to provide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) to summarize the health and safety information about their products. In many cases, manufacturers automatically send an MSDS whenever a hazardous substance is ordered.
Your department is required to keep MSDSs readily available at all times for the hazardous material used in your workplace, including research laboratories. A central file of MSDSs for the University is maintained at the Environmental Health and Safety office.
To Obtain MSDSs
Ask your supervisor or department head where your MSDS files are kept. If the department does not have the particular MSDS you are looking for, ask your supervisor or department head to secure one from the manufacturer. If that does not work out, contact the Environmental Health and Safety office.
Below is a very brief summary of the information that Labor and Industries requires to be on a MSDS. For assistance with interpreting and applying this information to your work situation, consult with your supervisor. It is your supervisor's responsibility to be certain that you understand the information as it applies to your work. The following headings are similar to those required on the MSDS, but the arrangement of the various sections may vary.
The product name on the MSDS is the same as that shown on the container label of the substance, whether trade name or generic chemical name. This section should also contains the manufacturer's name, address, emergency telephone number, the preparation date, and revision date if any. The section might also include synonyms, the chemical group, and the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number of the material.
The chemical and common names of each hazardous component that makes up at least 1% of the product must be listed, except that any component being a carcinogen must be listed if it is at least 0.1% of the mixture. This section also includes threshold limit values, permissible exposure limits and other such information. These may not be proven safe levels of exposure. If the exposure limit is not listed, do not assume that the chemical is safe. Check with your supervisor or the Environmental Health and Safety office for further information.
This section of the MSDS provides the general characteristics of the product, such as vapor pressure, vapor density, appearance, odor, and other general characteristics. Consider these properties as well as how you work with a hazardous material to evaluate the risks, which vary greatly depending on how a material is used.
Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
This section includes flash point and flammability limits. The flash point means the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapors within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air. The lower the flash point, the greater the risk of fire or explosion.
The flammability limits are the concentrations below or above which ignition will not occur, where the mixture is too "lean" or too "rich" to ignite. This section may also include information on the proper extinguishing agent(s) to use in extinguishing a fire and recommendations on fire fighting.
Reactivity in this context is the tendency for a material to chemically change or break down and to become more dangerous. This information should include a list of incompatible materials to avoid and conditions to avoid, such as light and heat.
Health Hazard Data
This section includes the health hazards of the material, its short term (acute) and long term (chronic) effects, routes of entry into the body, and symptoms. It states whether or not the chemical is listed as a carcinogen or potential carcinogen. It should list medical conditions generally aggravated by exposure and the emergency first-aid procedures to follow in case of exposure.
If you need health hazard information that is not on an MSDS or if you are concerned that you may have been exposed to a hazardous material, contact the Environmental Health and Safety office for information and advice.
Precautions for Safe Handling and Use
This section provides brief information on handling a leak or spill. In any case of a leak or spill, notify the Environmental Health and Safety office. In addition to the recommendations on the MSDS, we can advise you on specific procedures and provide protective equipment.
The person who creates a spill is responsible for the cleanup, although only if proper personal protective equipment is available and the person is trained and qualified to use it. Some spills may require assistance of trained personnel. The Environmental Health and Safety office will give advice and, in some cases, supply cleanup materials or personnel.
In addition to the recommendations on the MSDS, the Environmental Health and Safety office can answer specific questions regarding ventilation and personal protective equipment for normal working conditions and emergencies. Suitable control measures are based on how a material is used.