Hiring A Minor
- A minor is considered anyone under the age of 17. The minimum age for minors to work is 14, except under very limited circumstances where the federal laws do not apply.
- The minimum wage for 16 and 17 year old workers is the same for adults. Minors under the age of 16 may be paid 85% of the state minimum wage.
- Each meal break must be every 4 hours worked and for at least 30 minutes uninterrupted. The meal period must be separate from and in addition to rest breaks.
- Each rest break must be at least 10 minutes every 2 hours.
- Each meal break must be at least 30 minutes uninterrupted when working more than 5 hours per day.
- Each rest break must be at least 10 minutes for each 4 hours worked and must be taken at least every 3 hours.
- A 16 or 17 year old may work more hours per week as shown on the table above if there is "good cause" such as a special variance or regular variance.
- A 16 or 17 year old may work non-school hours during the school year if h/she is married, a parent, possesses a GED, is registered in accredited college courses or is emancipated under Washington State Law.
- Require increased supervision and lots of repetition to learn new skills,
- Need to follow all the health and safety requirements, and
- Should be encouraged to ask questions and ask for assistance if they are unsure of how to do assigned tasks.
For 14 and 15 year olds:
For 16 and 17 year olds:
The following table indicates the hours and schedules minors are permitted to work (see exceptions below):
|Hrs Per Day||Hrs Per Week||Days Per Week||Begin||Quit|
|14 - 15 yo|
|School Weeks||3 hrs (8 hrs Sat - Sun)||16 hrs||6 days||7 a.m.||7 p.m.|
|Non-School Weeks||8 hrs||40 hrs||6 days||7 a.m.||7 p.m. (9 p.m. June to Labor Day)|
|16 - 17 yo|
|School Weeks||4 hrs (8 hrs Fri - Sun)||20 hrs||6 days||7 a.m.||10 p.m. (Midnight Fri - Sat)|
|School Weeks with Special Variance (see "exceptions" below)||6 hrs (8 hrs Fri- Sun)||28 hrs||6 days||7 a.m.||10 p.m. (midnight Fri - Sat)|
|Non-School weeks||8 hrs||48 hrs||6 days||5 a.m.||Midnight|
A minor may not be asked or allowed to perform work activities prohibited by the Department of Labor and Industries in non-agricultural jobs
Teens are entitled to a safe and healthy work environment as well as workers' compensation. It is important to remember that adolescence is a time of rapid change and learning.
To help keep minors safe, they:
1. Ensures the Parent/School Authorization Form is completed. The form requires signatures by:
- Hiring Department
- Minor's parent, and
- Minor's school authority
2. Sends minor with completed form to Human Resources to provide additional required hiring documentation.